Ration management of cows can lead to inefficient lactation and increased calving interval. In this content, we will explain the changing feed needs of cows in the lactation cycle and lactation ration management.
The Lactation Cycle
Cows have to calve for milk. Lactation is the period between one calving and the next.
The cycle is divided into four stages: early, middle and late lactation and the dry period. In each of these phases, cows undergo some changes. Apart from changes in milk production, there are also changes in feed intake, body condition and gestation stage.
Post-calving, a cow can give 10 kg of milk per day, increasing to 20 kg after about 7 weeks and gradually decreasing to 5 kg by the end of lactation.
Although its maintenance does not change, it needs more energy and protein as milk production increases. Of course, when the yield decreases, she will need less. However, in the late lactation period, she needs additional energy to gain condition.
Cows usually utilise their own body condition for 12 weeks after calving to provide extra energy. The energy released is used to produce milk, which allows them to achieve higher peak production than would be possible with nutrition alone.For this, the cows must have the condition stock to expend energy. They should have achieved this condition in the dry period at the end of the previous lactation.
All this information shows how important the right ration solution is for the pregnancy and lactation period of cows.
How Do I Find the Right Ration Solution?
All this information shows how important the right ration solution is for the pregnancy and lactation period of cows. With MilkingCloud ration module, it is possible to prepare automatic ration solutions according to the condition of your monitored animals. Click now for information about product packages and to buy.
In short, provide stability for your herd in every sense and observe carefully. While it is so easy for cows to show anger, it is actually quite difficult to detect it.
When Should I Inseminate?
Between the 12th and 18th hours from the onset of estrus is critical. Because inseminations made during this period result in pregnancy to a large extent. For example, cows that show heat in the morning should be inseminated in the afternoon, and those that show heat in the afternoon should be inseminated the next morning.